Posts Tagged ‘puzzles’

Awesome Optical Illusion Mazes by Yonatan Frimer

April 21, 2011
 Inside the Mobius strip – Optical Illusion Maze

“Please Stop Spinning” Optical Illusion Maze

 Optical Illusion Maze
Maze of a crazy optical illusion that causes the viewer to think that the circles are moving or spinning, although they don’t change or move at all.

Top Twelve Places to Download The Super Swirly Optical Illusion Maze

  1. Picassa Web Maze of Spinning Super Swirl
  2. Swirly Spinning Maze on Devian Art
  3. Please stop spinning maze on Fine Art America
  4. Spin to stop maze on Flickr
  5. Optical Illusion Mazes Facebook
  6. Please STOP Spinning Maze on TwitPic
  7. Super Swirly Maze Optical Illusion
  8. Maze Super Spin Please Stop on Photobucket
  9. Swirly Super Maze on  Saatchi Online
  10. Super Swirly Maze on Live Journal
  11. Super Swirly Optical Illusion Maze on Red Bubble
  12. Please Stop Spinning Maze on Maze BLOG

Doppler Optical Illusion Maze of an Elliptical Spiral
eliptical spiral dopler maze
Maze art of a Doppler warping elliptical spiral by Yonatan Frimer

Top Thirteen Places to Download Doppler Elliptical Maze

  1. Eliptical Maze on Devian Art
  2. Maze Eliptical Dopler on Fine Art America
  3. Maze Dopler El Eliptical on Flickr
  4. Dopler Maze on Facebook
  5. Maze Elliptical Spiral on TwitPic
  6. Dopler Maze Rossello Damiano
  7. Maze Psychedelic Nike Just Do It on Photobucket
  8. Dopler Maze on Saatchi
  9. Eliptical Maze on Live Journal
  10. Dopler Maze on Picassa Web
  11. Eliptical Spiral Maze on Red Bubble
  12. Dopler Eliptical Spiral Maze on TeamOfMonkeys.com
  13. Doppler Maze Blog
Happy Judaica Maze by Yonatan Frimer
Yonatan Frimer maze art of happy face made of jewish symbols
Maze of two Hamsas (Hand of Fatima) for the eyes, a magen david (AKA Star of David) and a menorah make the crude appearance of a smiley face. Created by Yonatan Frimer

Having problems solving the mazes, view the maze solution to happy judaica Maze, in the rare even you can’t solve this maze on your own

Top Eleven Ways to Download the Happy Judaica Maze

  1. Judaica Maze Art on Facebook
  2. Happy Judaica Maze on Fine Art America
  3. Picassa Web Maze of Happy Judaica
  4. Judaica Maze Art on Devian Art
  5. Happy Jewish Maze on Flickr
  6. Judaica Happy Maze on the TwitPic
  7. Maze of Happy Judaica on Photobucket
  8. Happy Judaica Maze on Saatchi
  9. Happy Judaica Maze on Live Journal
  10. Get Happy Judaica Maze on Red Bubble
  11. Happy Judaica maze on Maze blog

And you can get the Happy Judaica Maze at the source at Team Of Monkeys . Com

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Maze art of letters by Yonatan Frimer, first week November 2010

November 5, 2010

Maze of the letter P, uppercase:

P Maze by Yonatan Frimer Maze Artist

Click for  Maze Solution of P maze
Very swirly maze of the letter P. Maze starts in the upper left corner of the image and maze ends in the lower right corner. Click on the maze solution if you are unable to solve, but MUST know the solution. Created by Yonatan Frimer

Maze of the letter T, uppercase:

T Maze by Yonatan Frimer Maze Artist

Click for  Maze Solution of T maze
Maze of the letter T composed of various blocks and alternating colors to create the illusion of the letter T. You might need to stare at this maze for a few moments before you notice the T. Entrance to the maze is in the upper left and exit to the maze is in the lower right. Created by Yonatan Frimer

Maze of the letter Q, uppercase:

Maze art of the letter Q, by Yonatan Frimer

Click for Maze Solution of Q maze
Various thickness lines to create the maze of the letter Q. The Alternating contrast of the lines creates the optical illusion of the letter Q. Maze starts in the upper left corner and ends in the lower right. Created by Yonatan Frimer

Maze of the letter J, uppercase:

maze of the letter J nineth letter of the english alphabet
Click for  Maze Solution of J maze
Loopy maze of swirl alternating in color to create the letter V, the 22nd letter in the alphabet. Maze entrance is in the upper left corner, and the maze exit can be found in the lower right corner, pointed out by arrows. Created by Yonatan Frimer

Maze Of Monkey Illusion
maze of monkey illusion medium InkBlotMazes Ink Blot Mazes, By Yonatan Frimer, your humble maze artist

Maze of monkeys doing Parkour
maze kong 3D linear prespective maze image

Check out the source for the mazes

Check out more Maze Alphabet by Yonatan Frimer

Maze Blog

Maze cartoons by Yonatan Frimer for early July 2010

July 7, 2010

Maze cartoon of a SR-71 Blackbird spy plane   Created by Yonatan Frimer

maze cartoon of sr-71 blackbird spyplane
Maze cartoon of SR-71 Blackbird spy plane with the Beatles song, “All we are saying, is give peace a chance” written on the side of the plane and peace signs coming out the engines.  Created by Yonatan Frimer
Click here for the maze solution of Blackbird SR-71 Spy Plane

Cartoon maze on sniper sanctions against Iran fuel imports
maze cartoon of sniper sanctions on Iran
Maze cartoon of snipers aiming a big gun marked USA/Iran sanctions as they take aim at the gasoline imports.   Created by Yonatan Frimer
Click here for the maze solution of sniper sanctions on Iran

Maze Cartoon of peace and war  mongers in the middle-east

maze cartoon of peace and war mongers
Maze cartoon of warmongers and peace mongers in the middle east. The peacemongers are all locals, voters, and people who actually live in the middle east. The warmongers are the press, newspapers and media. Created by Yonatan Frimer
Click here for the maze solution of peace and warmongers

Maze Cartoon of the Afghanistan handoff between Petraeus and McCrystal.
maze cartoon of afghanistan sports analogy
Cartoon maze sports analogy of an NFL football handoff between Petraeus and McCrystal as generals for the war in Afghanistan. Created by Yonatan Frimer
Click here for the maze solution to Afghanistan handoff

Maze Cartoon self-portrait of cartoonist Yonatan Frimer
maze cartoon self portrait of Yonatan Frimer
Self portrait maze cartoon of cartoonist Yonatan Frimer
Click here for the maze solution to self portrait of Yonatan Frimer

Check out some more Yonatan Frimer maze cartoons and mazes at these links.

Team Of Monkeys Maze Cartoon
Political Cartoons on The Jerusalem Post
Political Maze on Go Comics
Maze art on Ink Blot Mazes
Maze Blog

Genius Maze, By Yonatan Frimer
Celebrity, artword, celebrities, portraits, famous,  Portait maze of albert einstein
“Genius Maze” – By Y. Frimer

Maze cartoon of tiger woods in the gulf

May 9, 2010

Maze Cartoon – Tigers Woods in the Gulf

gulf and Golf with Tiger Woods
Editorial maze cartoon of Tiger Woods in the Gulf, the crewman apologizes for the mix up, says “We need a GULF clean up.”

Click here for the maze in larger, printable format

Can’t solve the maze? Click here for the maze solution

Visit these sites for more Yonatan Frimer Mazes
Latest Political Maze Cartoon
Political Maze on Comic Sherpa
Yonatan Frimer Maze Art
Buy Maze Art
Maze Blog
Team Of Monkeys Maze Blog

Thanks, hope you’ve enjoyed this Maze cartoon of Tiger Woods Gulf Golfer. The entrance and exit of the maze is at the upper-right and lower-left corners of the image. A link to the solution of the maze is right under the image. Created by Yonatan Frimer

Home finale for three Vols By: Wes Rucker

March 3, 2010

Home finale for three Vols By: Wes Rucker (source article)

KNOXVILLE — What was intended to be a simple video e-mail message to the University of Tennessee turned into cut-down comedy hour.

UT senior basketball players Wayne Chism, Bobby Maze and J.P. Prince were asked merely to speak into the camera, thank students for their support this season and encourage them to attend senior night festivities before tonight’s game against Arkansas.

Part of the senior night promotion includes free headbands to students, many of whom plan to wear them awkwardly high atop their heads in a tribute to Chism’s self-described “yarmulke.”

But the cameraman made a mistake. He didn’t give the players a script.

“Come get your free headband,” Chism said. “We’re all going to wear one.”

Tennessee’s Wayne Chism (4) shoots past Florida’s Alex Tyus (23) during the second half of an NCAA college basketball game Sunday, Jan. 31, 2010, in Knoxville, Tenn. Chism is a senior this year. (AP Photo/Wade Payne)

“Umm … I’m not,” Prince interrupted. “You couldn’t pay me to wear one.”

“Just because your head’s too big,” Maze responded. “We’d need a slingshot to get one on your big ol’ head.”

“My head’s smaller than either of your nostrils,” Prince shot back. “Your nasal strip would be bigger than my headband. When you sneeze, everyone in this arena gets wet.”

Without blinking, Maze then wondered aloud whether students should get Prince’s acne medication to go along with their Chism headbands.

Not to be outdone, Chism simply offered, “Y’all both ugly.”

A normal video wouldn’t have seemed appropriate, given the circuitous routes UT’s seniors have taken to arrive at this point.

Chism, a four-star prospect and Pearl’s first high-profile recruiting commitment to the Vols, is the only man left from the star-studded 2007 signing class. Tyler Smith, a Tennessee native who transferred to UT and became an All-Southeastern Conference forward and team captain, was on track to be honored tonight before getting dismissed from the program in January.

“I don’t even know how to answer that question right now,” Chism said regarding the losses of Smith and former classmates Duke Crews, Ramar Smith, Josh Tabb and Marques Johnson. “It’s crazy, though. I mean, I came in with a lot of people, and through the times we’ve been here a lot of people have came and gone. Being the one left on senior night is kind of disappointing, but I know the guys are out there doing something better with their lives.

“They’re still my brothers, and I still love and care about them.”

Some left Chism’s class, but others arrived, too.

Prince — also a Tennessean — transferred to UT in time to play three mostly successful seasons for the Vols.

Maze, a former Baltimore-area high school star, arrived last year after two seasons at Oklahoma and Hutchinson (Kan.) Community College.

“Everybody’s got a story, but all that matters is that we came to Tennessee, we became a family and we won a lot of big basketball games,” Maze said. “And those of us still here are going to leave with our heads held high.”

Prince and Chism said they’d rather focus on Arkansas than get too caught up in senior night emotions.

“It’s my last time playing here, but I don’t want to make more out of it than it is right now,” Prince said. “I’ve had some great times here, and we’ve won a lot of games in front of a lot of a great fans, and I’m going to miss it one day. But stuff like that won’t hit me until years from now.

“I don’t want to think about it too much right now, but you just want to leave the place better than when you came here, and I think we’ve done a good job of that. I’m proud of what we’ve done.”

Chism opened up a little bit more than Prince.

“I kind of thought about it yesterday,” Chism said. “I was like, ‘Yeah, I’m just about to play my last home game.’ It came pretty fast, so I was like, ‘Wow.’ But not excited.”

After a slight nudge, the quirky big man said he’s already seen the fruits of his UT labor.

“When you look back, you’d see all the orange seats were kind of empty back then, and you’d only see some people there at the games,” said Chism, who has played more games than any Vol in history and is on track to graduate in May with a double major. “It was like, is it a D-II school or what? It’s supposed to be a D-I school, it turned around when Coach Pearl got here — and our first signees for him — and then a lot of things changed from there. That gym became packed every game. Every game started being sold out because of the way Coach Pearl has turned this team around, and he’s still doing it.

“I’m very proud. Back when I was in high school, people always said, ‘Man, you shouldn’t go to Tennessee.’ Now when I go back home, everybody’s a Tennessee fan.”

Maze was the most openly emotional of the trio. That’s not surprising, considering the point guard came to UT with a less-than-stellar reputation off the floor but is on pace to leave in May as a two-year starter who graduated and made the honor roll with a 3.5 senior-year GPA.

“This place means everything to me,” Maze said. “Tennessee gave me a chance to change my identity and what people thought about me. When I was at Oklahoma, I was young and immature and got into a little bit of trouble and made some bad decisions. But since I’ve been here, there’s been a total change. I haven’t been in any off-the-court issues. I haven’t been in any trouble. I’m going to graduate. I’ve changed my whole life around.

“I think of my two years here as a blessing; a changing point in life, a transition from a boy into a man. I will remember that my whole life.”

But tonight ends the seniors’ home careers only. They potentially have several more weeks to play.

“Nobody can ever take away that we beat the No. 1 and No. 2 teams in the nation my senior year … but we’re not done yet,” Maze said. “I want to come back here one day and be able to show my children hopefully a picture of my team and me, and I can tell them, ‘Look what I was a part of.’

“Hopefully we can earn a big banner for this place, too.”

Other contacts for Wes Rucker are http://www.twitter.com/wesrucker and http://www.facebook.com/tfpvolsbeat.

Click to see some other cool mazes

Communist Maze:

Maze of Team of Monkeys AAA – Jumper Cables

From the album:

Team Of Monkeys Jumper Cables
more mazes like these by Yonatan Frimer visit http://teamofmonkeys.com

South East Games Releases 3D Maze for the iPhone and iPod Touch on the Apple App Store

January 5, 2010

South East Games today announced 3D Maze is available for the iPhone and iPod Touch on Apple’s App Store. Featuring an unlimited number of randomly generated mazes, 3D Maze puts players inside a small, medium or large 3D maze environment and challenges them to find their way out.

(Media-Newswire.com) – South East Games today announced 3D Maze is available for the iPhone and iPod Touch on Apple’s App Store. Featuring an unlimited number of randomly generated mazes, 3D Maze puts players inside a small, medium or large 3D maze environment and challenges them to find their way out.

Featuring integration of OpenFeint by Aurora Feint, 3D Maze lets players challenge their friends to beat the times they set on mazes and unlock achievements. Players can also set high scores for every possible maze variant.

3D Maze is available now for $0.99( USD ) on Apple’s App Store for iPhone and iPod Touch at http://itunes.apple.com/app/3d-maze/id346533031?mt=8

For more information contact South East Games at ‘pr@southeastgames.com’ or visit www.southeastgames.com
Also, for the latest updates on 3D Maze and other South East Games titles, visit our Facebook page ( http://www.facebook.com/pages/South-East-Games/188441963373 ) and Twitter page ( www.twitter.com/southeastgames ).

Located in south east Queensland, Australia, South East Games was founded in 2009 to develop fun and innovative independent game titles.

Eminem and Simon & Garfunkel mazes by Yontan Frimer

December 10, 2009
Simon and Garfunkel Maze created by Yonatan Frimer
Simon and Garfunkel Maze
Simon and Garfunkel Maze

To see more mazes by the same artist, visit:
http://teamofmonkeys.com or http://inkblotmazes.com

If you’d like to buy prints of mazes, click here

Eminem Maze Portrait – Marshal Mathers
eminem maze marshal mathers portrait

To see more mazes by the same artist, visit:
http://teamofmonkeys.com or http://inkblotmazes.com

If you’d like to buy prints of mazes, click here

Celebrity, artword, celebrities, portraits, famous,  Portait maze of albert einsteinbarak obama maze by maze of mazes artist yonatan frimer

pool maze 001

To see more mazes by the same artist, visit:
http://teamofmonkeys.com or http://inkblotmazes.com

If you’d like to buy prints of mazes, click here

Photography PrintsArt PrintsSell Art Online
Maze-A-Delic  2006
Maze A Delical

maze of monkey illusion medium mazes, mazes, maze of mazestrippy maze of monkey illusion medium mazes, mazes, maze of mazesmazes, mazes, maze of mazes stimulus portrait barak obama maze by maze of mazes artist yonatan frimermazes, mazes, maze of mazes Blivet Maze thumb funky time fun mazeepileptic warning banner optical illustion vertical lines maze of 3d impossible boxmazes, mazes, maze of mazes commander in chief portrait of barak obama maze by maze of mazes artist yonatan frimer

Maze of Grant Wood’s American Gothic
Maze of Grant Woods' American Gothic art masterpeice

Eminem and Simon & Garfunkel mazes by Yontan Frimer

Some of the mazes of Yonatan Frimer

December 5, 2009

Maze Kong
Maze Kong - 2006 Mazes
King Kong of Mazes

Team Of Monkesy and Ink Blot Mazes have the best mazes you will find, on the web or anywhere else.

Check out our website of monkey mazes and celebirty portrait mazes, located at these link

Team Of Monkeys Mazes

Ink Blot Mazes – Maze Gallery

Feel free to check it all out, for the best mazes around.

Maze-A-Delic  2006
Maze A Delical

maze of monkey illusion medium mazes, mazes, maze of mazesmazes, mazes, maze of mazes stimulus portrait barak obama maze by maze of mazes artist yonatan frimer

trippy maze of monkey illusion medium mazes, mazes, maze of mazesmazes, mazes, maze of mazes commander in chief portrait of barak obama maze by maze of mazes artist yonatan frimer

Maze of Grant Wood’s American Gothic
Maze of Grant Woods' American Gothic art masterpeice
“American Gothic Maze” – By Yonatan Frimer

Team Of Monkesy and Ink Blot Mazes have the best mazes you will find, on the web or anywhere else.

Check out our website of monkey mazes and celebirty portrait mazes, located at these link

Team Of Monkeys Mazes

Ink Blot Mazes – Maze Gallery

Feel free to check it all out, for the best mazes around.
Maze Portrait of Albert Einstein.
Portait maze of albert einstein
“Genius Maze” – By Y. Frimer

maze of shark jaws attacking illustration

Team Of Monkesy and Ink Blot Mazes have the best mazes you will find, on the web or anywhere else.

Check out our website of monkey mazes and celebirty portrait mazes, located at these link

Team Of Monkeys Mazes

Ink Blot Mazes – Maze Gallery

Feel free to check it all out, for the best mazes around.

Maze samuel l jackson ezekiel 25:17maze of howard stern

maze of the hindenburg burning illustration

rhino maze illustration

skier with mohawk, glen plake

unicorn maze

Ali G maze of Borat, I LIKE maze illustration

Ninja maze illustration

Maze samuel l jackson ezekiel 25:17

Team Of Monkesy and Ink Blot Mazes have the best mazes you will find, on the web or anywhere else.

Check out our website of monkey mazes and celebirty portrait mazes, located at these link

Team Of Monkeys Mazes

Ink Blot Mazes – Maze Gallery

Feel free to check it all out, for the best mazes around.

maze comics, team of monkeys landing a plane
Aircraft landing by the pilots of a well trained team of monkeys.

John Lennon Psychedelic Maze Portrait
Imagine All The MAzes
Imagine All The Mazes

Puzzles

March 25, 2009

Puzzles

In my mind a “puzzle” differs from a “game” in that the former is designed to be pretty much a solitary exercise, while the latter is meant to engage two or more people in some sort of competition. On this page I’m listing various puzzles that I have invented. They are heavily leaning toward the mechanical and geometric type of puzzle.

One of the joys for me, as a designer, is to figure out how these are best made (what material and so forth). I generally try to create prototypes that can be made simply and quickly, drawing upon the resources I have handy.

I often end up selling copies of these to friends (especially during the holidays) when they are looking for one-of-a-kind gifts.

Trickier than actually creating interesting puzzles seems to be naming them. As mentioned under the “Jimmy Cube”, I offered to let the first person who solved a new puzzle name it. But I’m not sure if I’m going to strictly adhere to this. After solving the Jimmy Cube at the local coffeeshop, said solver, Jimmy, couldn’t really think of a name he was completely happy with. One possibility was “The Wei” or “The Way” (a play on his first name), or, poking fun at fellow cafe-goer, Mary, who did not solve it, he thought of “The Mary Couldn’t Do It Puzzle”.

But this is led to unforeseen consequences, as Mary (though not solving it) later suggested I name 8CTO “Jimmy Is A Punk-Ass”.

Maybe I will just come up with my own names…


<!–Puzzle-crafting is not a full-time endeavor for me these days. However, if you see something that you really, really like, and you email me really, really nicely, I might find time to build you one [grin]. These items are all hand-made, built-to-order, so there are not particularly cheap. But if you are looking for a unique gift, or just love having a puzzle that you cannot buy at Wal-Mart, these may be for you. –>

Encaged

This “sliding burr”-style puzzle is being manufactured by a company in Germany. It was originally designed for and featured at my Spring 2007 Puzzle Party.


2006 Pentomino Daily Calendar

Not exactly a hand-crafted, manipulative puzzle, but related nonetheless. People interested in geometry, games, and puzzles, might be interested in my compilation of pentomino challenges in the form of a Daily Calendar. Even though we are past 2006, this item may intrigue you if you would like 365 pentomino puzzles to solve.


Eclipse

This puzzle is a set of 6 hexagonal pieces. Each is made of thin, clear plastic and is partitioned into 54 triangles. On each piece 9 of those 54 triangles are colored in black. The object is to stack the six hexagons atop one another so that the whole shape is filled in by the black triangles (i.e. no triangles remain clear all the way through the layers).


Hexerei

This is basically a smaller version (and simpler version) of 8CTO (below). It uses only 3 different colors, and a 6×6 square is formed with the pieces, not an 8×8.

Here is one solution. I do not know how many non-trivially distinct solutions there may be.


8CTO

This is a puzzle consisting of 8 rectangular pieces, each 2×4 colored unit squares. The squares are colored plastic (red, blue, yellow, or green). The object is to assemble them into an 8×8 square such that each row and column has exactly two squares of each color. The unit squares are 1″ by 1″, so the final solution measures 8 inches square.

The solution is not unique. Here is one answer. I do not know how many non-trivially distinct solutions there may be.


Jimmy Cube

Ok, first off, I know that this puzzle is not a cube. However, as friends of mine were playing with the prototype, I started a “competition” by saying whoever solved it first could name it. After several folks tried unsuccessfully to assemble the 30 rhombic pieces into a single polyhedron with the painted line forming one continuous loop, friend, Jimmy, finally succeeded.

While he was celebrating his triumph, someone off-handedly referred to the puzzle as “the Jimmy Cube”. So, until Jimmy comes up with a better name, that’s going to stick.

Besides, it’s easier to say than “Jimmy’s Rhombic Triacontahedron”.

The model pictured here is made of spruce wood (I needed light weight) with embedded magnets. It is hand painted.


Colored Icosahedron, Easy Version

Built in a similar fasion as the Jimmy Cube above (with magnets embedded in the sides of wooden pieces), this puzzle, when completed, has twenty sides, not thirty. The goal is to arrange the pieces so that the colored sections at the vertices match. There are twelve vertices on a regular icosahedron, so I painted it such that there would be 6 pairs of colors (red, white, green, yellow, blue, and orange).

This is an easier version of a related puzzle I built, which I will document later.


Colored Icosahedron, Hard Version

The same shape as the puzzle above (20-sided), this one is painted differently. The goal is to arrange the pieces so that the colored sections at the edges match.

Because there are many more edges than vertices, and of the independence of the edges’ orientations to one another, this puzzle is significantly more difficult than the “easy” icosahedron above.


Surface Mazes

I also enjoy creating mazes. Recently I’ve been focusing on creating mazes on the surfaces of various geometric shapes (or, more accurately, I’ve been focusing on creating computer programs which generate random mazes of the surfaces of geometric shapes). Pictured to the right is a maze on the surface of a “buckyball” (i.e. a truncated icosahedron, or soccer ball).

The maze is “perfectly formed”, meaning that there are no loops, and every spot on the maze is reachable from every other spot on the maze. This is really just a prototype; I plan to make a nicer one with a solid wood structure beneath the laminated paper surface. The pictured one is simply heavy paper laminated with clear contact paper and taped at the edges of tha faces. The laminate allows one to use an erasable marker on the surface when solving.

I created a maze on the surface of a cube for my first Puzzle Party back in fall of 2004. I did not have one at EPP2, but I expect similar puzzles to crop up again at future Parties.


Color Cube

Pictured here is a rough prototype of a cubic puzle I designed. The cube can be separated into 8 subsections (they slide together with tongues and grooves). This model is fashioned out of wood, and painted.

I hope to make later ones smoother and with a higher degree of precision so that the tongues and grooves fit more snugly. I will also paint the blue section a lighter blue so that it is easier for me to tell it apart from the purple section.


Explore

This puzzle was my entry in the 2005 Nob Yoshigahara Puzzle Design Competition (formerly the IPP Design Competition). I have a webpage devoted exclusively to this puzzle. It is a somewhat “open-ended” challenge in that the best possible answer is not immediately obvious (in fact, I still do not know if the best answer so far obtained is the theoretic optimum).

Despite this goal-ambiguity, I very much enjoy this puzzle as I feel it encourages the player to simply manipulate the pieces and try to discover interesting configurations… thus the name.